§ 7.1 In General
In most courses, the grade is based primarily on one written examination at the conclusion of the course. An instructor may require a written paper in lieu of, or in addition to, an examination. Some instructors give midterm examinations or other assignments, which may or may not be counted in the final grade. Courses designated as practice courses and seminars typically do not have an examination but require either simulated exercises or written assignments involving extensive legal research.
§ 7.2 Exam Schedule and Conflicts
The examination schedule is published with the class schedule before registration each semester. All students must take their examinations at the scheduled time, except as provided herein and in §§7.3 and 7.4. If a student registers for two courses with examinations scheduled at the same time, one examination will be rescheduled. If a final exam is to be rescheduled, a Final Exam Reschedule form must be completed and submitted to the Registrar. In addition, the student must sign an Affirmation of Nondisclosure stating that he or she has not and will not communicate with anyone about any aspect of the examination.
A student will be deemed to have a conflict if he or she has two exams scheduled within 24 hours (e.g., exams at 8:30 a.m. and 6:00 p.m., or at 6:00 p.m. and 1:15 p.m. the following afternoon). A conflict does not exist if two exams are scheduled exactly 24 hours apart (e.g., exams at 8:30 a.m. and 8:30 a.m. the next morning).
§ 7.3 Missing an Examination
Students are expected to take examinations when scheduled, even though ill or inconvenienced. However, for serious illness or other extraordinary or compelling reason beyond the control of the student, a student may be excused from taking the exam at its scheduled time. Day Division students will not be excused from an examination for a job-related reason.
A student must notify the Director of Student Services at the earliest possible time in advance of the exam, if the reason for missing the exam is known to the student in advance. When prior notice is not possible, the student must contact the Director of Student Services or the Assistant Dean for Academic Administration and Student Affairs as soon during or after the examination as possible to explain the failure to take the examination and, when permitted, to arrange for a makeup examination and/or an Incomplete. Failure to notify the Director of Student Services or the Assistant Dean before grades are submitted will result in the student receiving a failing grade.
§ 7.4 Make-up Examinations
When a student is excused from an exam, the student ordinarily will take the examination the next time the course is given by the same instructor. However, if more than one academic year is expected to pass before the instructor offers the same course, the student will take the exam the next time the course is offered by any instructor. If an exam is to be taken more than one month after the scheduled time, an Incomplete grade will be recorded until the exam has been taken.
In the discretion of the instructor, an examination may be given within one month after the end of the final examination period, rather than the next time the exam is regularly given. The time of the examination will be arranged by the instructor. Students who will have graduated before the next time the exam is expected to be given by the instructor will take the exam no later than one month after the end of the exam period, at a time arranged by the instructor. If a student requests an examination schedule change for religious reasons, the examination will be scheduled on the next day which does not violate the student's religious beliefs, including Sunday.
§ 7.5 Student Conduct During Examinations
Student conduct during examinations is subject to the Chicago-Kent Code of Conduct, which is set forth in Section XIX of this Handbook.
§ 7.6 Examination Procedures
Students must sit in alternate seats during examinations. At the beginning of the exam, the proctor will advise the students of the time at which the exam will end and will write the ending time on the blackboard. When time has expired, the proctor will announce that the exam is over and students must stop writing immediately and turn in their examinations. Failure to stop writing constitutes a violation of the Code of Conduct. Students are not permitted to leave their seats for any reason during the last ten minutes of an exam. When the proctor announces there are ten minutes left, students must remain seated until the proctor announces the exam is over. Special rules concerning computer exams will be announced each semester in the Record or otherwise distributed to students.
A student must not identify himself or herself by name, social security number, or any other designation or symbol anywhere on the examination questions or answer book or sheet; only the examination number assigned to the student should be used. A student should not disclose the examination number to the instructor, either directly or indirectly, until the instructor has submitted the final grades for the course. Failure to comply with these provisions may be a violation of the Code of Conduct, which appears in Section XIX of this Handbook (see §2-1(e) of the Code).
§ 7.7 Determination of Grades
Grades are to be determined solely on the basis of the academic performance of each student according to criteria determined by the course instructor that are consistent with Law School, University, Association of American Law Schools, and American Bar Association policies. It is permissible for an instructor to consider class participation and attendance in determining a student's final grade. During the first week of class, the instructor will advise the students of the factors that will be considered in determining the final grade (e.g., examinations, papers, class participation, attendance, and other appropriate factors). Thereafter, the instructor may inform the students of additions to or changes in the factors with respect to attendance and participation that will be considered in determining the final grade. Such changes will have prospective application only. The evaluation and grading of academic performance are subject to the professional judgment of each instructor. Considerable personal discretion is required in these judgments. A justifiable margin of difference can exist between the evaluation of the same academic performance made by two or more professional persons.
§ 7.8 Review of Examinations and Other Assignments
A faculty member must review an examination or other written assignments with a student, regardless of the grade received, provided the student has complied with reasonable preconditions, such as attending an examination review session or making an appointment within a specified time. A faculty member is not, however, expected to debate the grading.
§ 7.9 Appeal of Grade
A student may appeal a grade by submitting a petition to the Dean alleging that the grade received was the result of capricious grading. Capricious grading constitutes either (1) assignment of a grade on the basis of factors substantially different from those previously announced, or (2) assignment of a grade to the petitioning student by resort to more exacting or demanding criteria than were applied to other students in that course. The judgment of an instructor in assessing the quality of a student's work is not appealable on other grounds. A student must file a grade appeal no more than 90 days after receiving the grade.