Center on Socio-Legal Approaches to Property

The question that motivates the Center on Socio-Legal Approaches to Property (C-SLAP) is: When the property of politically or economically vulnerable individuals or communities is unjustly dispossessed, how do we defend their property rights? The center will engage in scholarship, public education, advocacy and technical assistance around this question. The center is led by:

  • Professor Bernadette Atuahene, Director
  • James O’Brien, Associate
  • Mitchell Caminer, Associate
  • Zachery Taylor, Associate


Ongoing Projects

Detroit Project

End Unconstitutional Tax Foreclosures LogoProfessor Atuahene and her co-author conducted an empirical study on property tax assessments in Detroit and the findings are atrocious. Between 2009 and 2015, one in four Detroit properties have been subject to property tax foreclosure. The Great Depression is the only other time in American history that we have seen this acutely high number of property tax foreclosures. More importantly, the study finds that the assessments underlying the property taxes are unconstitutional, bringing the record number of tax foreclosures into disrepute.

Between 2009 and 2015, the Detroit Assessment Division was assessing between 55 percent and 85 percent of homes at rates that violated the Michigan Constitution, which clearly states that a property cannot be assessed at more than 50 percent of its market value. To put a stop to the injustice, several organizations created the Coalition to End Unconstitutional Tax Foreclosures. (For more information about the Coalition, visit The Coalition includes C-SLAP along with CDAD, Moratorium Now, Detroit Eviction Defense, People's Platform, Moses, Street Democracy, United Community Housing Coalition, We the People of Detroit, and several other longstanding Detroit community organizations.

Watch our animated video explaining Detroit's unconstitutional assessments and the resulting illegal tax foreclosures in simple yet accurate terms:



Media Coverage


Dignity Takings & Dignity Restoration (DT-DR) Project

In We Want What's Ours: Learning from South Africa's Land Restitution Program (Oxford University Press 2014), Professor Atuahene conducted 150 interviews with South Africans whom the colonial and apartheid authorities had forcibly removed from their homes and lands as a result of racially discriminatory laws and policies. Using the South African case, the book develops two socio-legal concepts: dignity takings and dignity restoration.

Dignity Takings

We Want What's Ours book coverThere are some instances when property is taken from an individual or a group and the appropriate remedy is to give the thing back or something approximating the thing. In other instances, property is taken as part of a larger strategy of dehumanization or infantilization. In these instances, compensating people for things taken is not enough because they lost more than their property—they were also deprived of their dignity. This dual harm is called a dignity taking.

Dignity Restoration

The appropriate remedy for a dignity taking is something more than mere reparations (i.e. compensation for things taken). Instead, dignity restoration, which addresses deprivations of both property and dignity, is required. Dignity restoration compensates individuals and communities for things taken through processes that affirm their humanity and embrace their agency. More than 30 scholars have taken the concepts of dignity takings and dignity restoration beyond the South African situation and applied them to case studies in diverse temporal and geographic contexts.

This work can be found in three symposia hosted by three respected journals:

To find out more:


Law & Society Association Project

Law and Society Association logoLaw & Society Association (LSA) has several Collaborative Research Networks (CRNs). Along with the American Bar Foundation, C-SLAP co-sponsors the new CRN on Socio-Legal Approaches to Property. This CRN seeks to facilitate an interdisciplinary conversation that brings together scholars from many different countries whose common interest is in conducting research about tangible property through the use of empirical data.

We welcome scholars from diverse fields such as economics, political science, sociology, psychology, geography, law, history, and anthropology. Our primary focus will be to organize panels at every LSA annual meeting, but we will also take on other projects.

The CRN will also maintain an email distribution list to alert members of relevant conferences and new work. Please sign up for the mailing list if you are interested.